Ok, that may be overkill, but I am chewing on something. And since my avid readers have a combined intellect and experience base far outweighing my own I am going to loop you all in to help me wrestle with it. Anyhow, writing helps me clarify my thoughts.
To be blunt I am seriously considering buying a tractor. Now I am not just any (would be) farmer -heck, I don’t really have a farm yet. So I am not considering just any tractor. Mine would be little, and European even… So little in fact, that you walk behind it. No, this isn’t a rototiller (but it can do that) it is a Two Wheel, or Walk Behind, Tractor. The engines are typically twice as strong as a rototiller -from 7 to 15 hp- and unlike a tiller they have front and rear Power Take Offs (PTO’s) that can run a variety of implements from tillers, to snow blowers, to chippers, to sickle bar mowers. Heck they even make haying equipment for them. With the exception of bucket loading, these incredible little tractors can do just about everything one would need on a sub 10 acre parcel… exactly the size I will buy in about 3 years.
These “walking tractors” are all over the place in Europe, where the small Family Farm is still alive, with almost a dozen manufactures of various models. If you have any doubts as to what these are capable of, here is the site I first found them on back when I was doing initial budget runs on the Big Farm Plan an was pricing small tractors. The larger ones can even run Spaders (mimics double digging instead of plowing) and you can get powered trailers that can haul/dump over 1000lbs. The utility and appropriateness of them is well proven, but the appropriateness of them for ME is up to debate.
First, let it be plainly said that I am a “Tool Guy”. I have geeked out on stuff, often with internal combustion engines attached, since high school. I’ve modified every car I’ve ever owned but my current Insight, and raced many of them. I like to have oil and grease under my fingernails and even to bur my knuckles swapping out shocks. But I also enjoy well made tools of any kind: I have an inordinate affection for my imported Dutch and German spades and forks (hand forged by master tool makers of course). But that ToolGuy bravado is running on OT when it comes to these tractors. “think of all the stuff we could do!” Trouble…
Some of the Pros (some of dubious merit).
- Buy now, so I can buy more later! I will most likely want one of these when we have the acreage, but once we have the acreage there will be 100 things I will need to spend money on. I can’t buy a pole barn or fence now, but I can buy the tractor -and these things last forever. Of course I could just SAVE the money, but heck I am American and I want it NOW!
- Its better for the soil. To till under the land for the gardens, the tractors that are lined up to do it weigh in at over 4000lbs causing deep subsoil compaction well below what conventional tillage equipment can reach. The Walking Tractor only weighs about 300-and will compact the soil about as much as walking on it and the tiller’s handles rotate so you can walk next to, not in, the tilled soil. See the video link below.
- Rotary Plow option. WTH is rotary plow? Think of it as a horizontal tiller, or more precisely a propeller. They are unparalleled at turning under cover crops and pasture. Look at this Italian video to see the short work it makes of the sod. Rotary Plows also leave no hardpan, unlike moldboard or rototillers, and til down to 12″ in one pass.
- Diesel: At only 8hp, these tiny engines use only 33% of the gas equivalent, so Whole Foods becomes my fuel station as they could run all year on 2-3 quarts of Organic Canola Oil, or I could grow sunflowers and press my own oil. Seriously, I’ve run the math.
- Bigger and Better things. This is a slippery slope, but I turned down at least one large runoff control swale installation job due to lack of equipment. I could also offer more options with our LLC if I had one of these. Look at the ditch the rotary plow digs in 3 passes in the video- that would make a wicked infiltration swale! Course I barely have time to plant (hell: sleep!) as it is, like I said: Slippery….
- In the same vein, I could probably work twice the acreage with this tractor, than doing it entirely by hand. Or I could just get farther behind… this thing won’t weed, plant, or harvest.
- I really, really, really want one. Really.
Cons, and they are significant:
- Really damn expensive. To run the rotary plow you need 8.5hp gas or 7hp diesel. Going with the lesser know, but just as good, Grillo line instead of the slightly more common BCS , I can get a diesel 85D for $2600, plus the plow for $1050, plus shipping of $300. Basically it is $4000 for a glorified rototiller. Damn. Used you may say? The market is so small I have only found 3 for sale in the entire country and 2 are too small to run the rotary plow, and the third isn’t diesel and will most likely go for almost as much as new.
- I don’t really need it. With only a .25 acre garden this tractor is waaaaaay overkill. If I ramp up the LLC some it might get more use, but rarely even weekly. Even valuing my time at $30/hr it will take 130 hours of labor savings to offset the cost. I will not spend that much time tilling/cutting beds in the next 3-5 years. Once I get a farm? Maybe -especially if I use it to clear a longish drive of snow.
- WTH is “Mr. No Till” buying a tiller for? Spending the morning turning, or attempting to turn, under the 4″ of straw in my home beds showed me the futility of that much straw on the beds if you hop to plant before May. Ruth Stout pulled hers off, but I need that organic matter IN the soil. Research has shown me that no till is undeniably the way to go as tilling supercharges the ecosystem and sucks the carbon from the soil. But these studies were all done on huge, unmulched row crop fields. I can’t believe that turning in 2lbs of straw per sq foot of bed is a net loss to the soil, but the current research is against me. I am also terrified of the perennial weeds in these new beds -but I am eating some of my winter words. I could also just chop up the straw in a leaf shredder for $250 before I put it on the beds.
- Noise, smell, safety etc. Driving a tractor across my beds is a different deal completely than slowly working my way down with a turning spade and listening to the meadowlarks. Also, the kids would not really be an option on Grillo days since the machine will take most of my attention and I won’t be able to hear a rambunctious 6 yr old running up behind me due to noise. They have learned not to come by the electric mower, but still.
The tiller was barely a distant consideration until I found that used one on Craig’s list (too late!) and my brain starting going again. The price may be less of an issue for two reasons -it is a business expense so it will offset a goodly chunk of the business earnings saving me from the insane taxes of the self employed.
But here is the final blow. Just as I was working myself down from the lather of the week’s testosterone tractor dreaming, I get a call out of the blue from a large (100 barrel) municipal rain barrel account that I thought was a one time deal. They want me to bid an order that will net me about 50% more than the price of the Grillo.
Coincidence…or a Divine nudge? I had started our LLC to basically turn my garden/farming into a self funded hobby rather than to make extra money. The timing of that account is weird, and we are a family that believes in “signs”…
Thoughts are welcome. But then again this, like many in our hobbies, may not end up being a rational decision. I am calling Earth Tools tomorrow to order some more hoes (Dutch of course), and I am sure I will be picking their brains on this.